While there are many types of Jasmine, there is perhaps none that is as popular as Jasminium polyanthum when it comes to the plant’s varieties that you can grow indoors. Also known as white Jasmine or pink Jasmine, it is a plant from Southwest China. It has a sweet aroma and beautiful blooms, making it a great pick for indoor flowers. Other varieties of Jasmine that you can also grow indoors include Arabia Jasmine, lake Jasmine, and orange Jasmine, among others.
Planting Jasmine does not only offer the benefit of being able to add a hint of color in your space. There are some varieties with diverse applications. For instance, you can use it as a flavoring for a traditional tea. Aside from being an ornamental flower, it can also be used in alternative medicines. Some of its benefits include treatment of gastrointestinal disease, improving libido, and prevention of cancer, among other things.
Planting and Growing Conditions
Start with the decision on what type of Jasmine to grow. There are more than 200 varieties available. There are some that are deciduous while there are others that are evergreen. Some are shrubs and some are vines. Make sure to pick one that is suitable for the container that you have.
The right location of the container where you plant Jasmine is one of the most important to ensure its best state of health. In this case, look for an area in your house wherein the plant will receive up to four hours of indirect and bright sunlight. If you are planting in a greenhouse, on the other hand, make sure that it is under grow lights for up to 16 hours in a day, especially during the cold months.
In the same way, you also need to think about the temperature. Ideally, Jasmine will grow best if the temperature ranges from 68 to 72 degrees Fahrenheit in the day and 50 to 55 degrees Fahrenheit in the night. If the temperature is warmer than what the plant requires, while it will grow, it will not flower.
Another important condition for the growth of Jasmine is the right choice of soil. A potting mix with coir or peat will be the best choice. The plant will not tolerate a potting mix that is soggy. Dryness or heat of the soil can kill Jasmine, which is why it is important to retain its moisture.
Watering is essential for the health of Jasmine, but make sure to not overdo it. Pay attention to the soil. When it is dry, it is time to water the plant. See to it that there is suitable drainage to prevent water from accumulating and from making the soil soggy.
Pests and Diseases
Some of the diseases in Jasmine include Fusarium wilt, rust, and blight. Meanwhile, some of the pests that commonly attack Jasmine include aphids, caterpillars, and mealybugs. During an infestation, Jasmine can suffer from wilting and lack of vigor. White and cottony substances can also appear under the stems and leaves.
Care and Maintenance
Here are some of the best things to keep in mind to yield a high level of success in planting Jasmine indoors:
- Take it out for some sun. Although it will survive as an indoor plant, it will also be good to give it time outdoor for a robust growth. Just do not leave it out for a long time as too much heat is a sure-fire way to kill the plant.
- Pruning is also necessary, especially if your indoor Jasmine is larger than what it needs to be. In the case of summer Jasmine, prune once flowering is done. In the case of winter Jasmine, on the other hand, prune in the spring. The good thing about Jasmine is that it will be able to tolerate even heavy pruning.
- To ensure the optimal health of Jasmine, fertilizing is also necessary. It will be best to use 7-9-5 or 5-10-5 fertilizer. The best time for its application is in spring or summer. Dilute only half of the strength from the instructions. It will also be best to provide them with liquid that has high potassium
- For flower buds to appear in the next winter, give the plant plenty of time to have a cooler temperature. After sundown, make sure that there is no more artificial light.
- Depending on the variety of the Jasmine that you will choose, they can be vigorous crawlers or climbers. With this, if you have vine Jasmine, see to it that there is trellis or support.
In some, growing Jasmine is indeed an easy process. You do not need to have a green thumb or an extensive experience in gardening. With the right variety, soil, water, light, and climate, among other external factors, it will not take long before your Jasmine will bloom.