Having a backyard garden is always welcome. Gardening not only gives the person a good way to relax but by planting crops and vegetables he can get a fresh and nutritious supply of food. It gives him a chance to relax and get good health in every aspect.
It is always very satisfying to grow your food. Knowing the food you have served on your table is a fruit of your hard work is very satisfying. You are aware of the natural ingredients you used and grew the crop or vegetable sans any chemical. Also, in your garden, you can choose to grow vegetables depending on the season. This article will focus on the summer season with a list of summer vegetables.
As the winter starts fading away, a gardener starts looking for the fruits and vegetables that are best grown in summer. Thus, there is a need to switch the winter vegetables with the summer vegetables. This way the vegetables will be ready to be harvested in the fall, and can be savored at that time.
The following is a list of summer vegetables that can be easily grown in a backyard garden.
Beans are used a lot in summer salads and also various side dishes. These normally require around 35 – 60 days for gaining maturity. The seeds are best planted in June and July and are easy to grow. These should be planted in vertical lines using twins to save space, and should be grown in a neighborhood that receives most fog.
Eggplants are usually grown in the late spring, but they grow well in the month of June. It is advisable to plant the seedlings and not the seeds in a neighborhood that does not receive a lot of fog. These usually take 2 – 3 months to gain maturity. These are also the nightshade plant.
Like eggplant, tomatoes are also grown from seedlings and need around 60 – 80 days for maturity. These are best grown in the month of June. They are also nightshade plants but grow best in the foggy neighborhood. Tomatoes should be planted with herbs which help in keeping the tomato worms away.
Corn and Cucumber
Corn and Cucumber are best grown in the month of June. Sweet corn can take 60 – 95 days to reach maturity while cucumber can get to this stage in 60 – 75 days. These are best grown in a foggy neighborhood. It is easy to grow them with some attention.
Carrots take the whole of summer to grow and get mature. Their maturity period is anywhere between 120 – 150 days after plantation. Proper attention is needed when planting them in a foggy neighborhood in the month of June. But these do provide good output once mature.
Peppers, Pumpkins, and Squashes
Peppers are planted in springs but can also be planted in June to ensure their supply in all of the summer. These add flavor and spice to a particular vegetable garden. Start planting pumpkin and squashes in June. These take 100 or more days to reach maturity and thus will be ready by the fall.
Arugula provides a great amount of calcium and vitamins and are used profusely in salads. These are larger leaf salads that can have a hot taste. It is normally grown in early spring or summer so that it is ready to be harvested by fall. These can be pulled put when they are smaller leaves to make sure they are not very spicy.
Summer is the best time to grow Okra, which grows out of seedlings. These should be sown under full sun in a rich soil and hot weather. Seeds must first be initiated inside and then moved out in late June. They need a lot of care and attention to be perfectly grown as they have a very delicate root.
Before planting the zucchini, it is necessary to prepare the bed with a proper amount of compost. It should be done a couple of weeks after the last frost date. These take 90 – 100 days to reach maturity and should be thus ready to be harvested before the fall.
Beets grow the best in a hot climate and well-drained soil. Sow them in the drained soil away from the foggy neighborhood. They grow the best when the soil temperature is above 50 degrees Fahrenheit. For these, seeds are planted and not the seedlings. Beets take around 8 – 10 weeks to be ready to harvest.
For the best result, start the seeds indoors around 45 days before the last frost of spring. These are to be moved out only when they are four weeks old. The broccoli can also be seeded directly into the garden by sowing the broccoli raab three weeks before the last spring frost.
When Brussels are planted in spring, their flavor and texture get ruined. It is always preferable to plant them with the onset of summers to improve their chances of sprouting. The best time to plant them is from mid-May to mid-June. These are also planted with the seedlings and not the seeds.
Cabbage is grown by first planting the seeds indoors 8 – 10 weeks before the last spring frost. When these are six weeks old, they are moved out. The best temperature for the seeds to germinate is 65 – 75 degrees Fahrenheit. We can also plant early and late varieties to ensure a continuous supply.
Celery is pretty small and has the tendency to germinate intermittently. These can be started indoors 10 – 12 weeks before the last frost, but only in bright light. These can be moved out after they have at least five leaves and the average night temperature is more than 55 degrees Fahrenheit. These normally consume 90 days before harvesting.
Start the seeds indoors in early spring and when a true leaf is visible, these need to be put in a cloche. These can also be sown directly in the garden when there are 2 – 3 weeks to the last frost. Also, while planting them, a gap of around 12 – inches should be kept between the plants.
Figs require a well-drained soil which is also fertile and has a pH between 6.0 – 6.5. It is also necessary to leave a space of minimum 6 feet between the plants, and there should be enough organic matter in the soil to retain moisture in the top 12 inches.
At the end of February of the winters, start the seeds of all types of bulb onions indoors under a continuous fluorescent light. Other additional onions can be sown in early springs. These can be moved out 3 – weeks before the last frost of the spring. The non-bulging onions need to be out six weeks before the final frost. It needs a sunny spot with well-drained soil.
Starting two weeks before the last frost of spring, start sowing radishes at an interval of 10 days. This should be done until 3 – weeks after the last frost date. The seeds should be sown a half inch deep and at a gap of an inch. If sown in 60 degrees Fahrenheit, seeds sprout in 3 to 7 days. These should be harvested after they have achieved a size bigger than that of grapes. If these are exposed outside for too long, their texture spoils.
Summer is a beautiful time of the year which has a great variety of vegetables and juicy fruits and salads. It is like a heaven for the people who have a backyard garden and love utilizing it to grow numerous fruits and vegetables. It gives a continuous source of freshly grown food, complete with nutrition and being hygienic.
This was a list of summer vegetables that are easy to grow in your backyard, along with some tips to help you get the best taste during the summer season. If you have any suggestion or appreciation, please comment below.