Radish is one of the most nutritious root veggies that can be added to a raw salad on the platter as well as in the main recipe. It is an edible veggie of the Brassicaceae family, which was found in pre-Roman times. They vary in size, color, and flavor as per the time they take to grow. Also, the flavors of these root veggies come from various chemical compounds that are present in the Mother Nature.
They are used as a catch crop as well as a forage crop. Despite being used as these crops, there are various other nutritional benefits of radishes.
Different Forms of Radish
As mentioned earlier, radishes vary according to their period of growth. Based on the factors, radishes come in four antithetic forms. Each form is beneficial in its unique manner. The four forms are as mentioned below:
It is also called as Chinese radish, which is a native of Asia. It is preferable to grow this form of radish during winter so that it can have extendable smooth and icy white roots.
They are peppery in taste. Also, they are considered to be more flavorful as compared to the white counterparts of the radish.
These radishes have an amazing jade green color outer body, and they taste sweet enough with a pungent smell. They are native to Northern China and are also less peppery as compared to black Spanish radish.
As the name suggests, they have their flesh similar to watermelon. They taste mildly sweet, which is similar to white icy food varieties.
Health Benefits of Radishes
There are innumerable benefits of radishes as a raw salad and as the main ingredient in one of the recipes. Some of the many amazing benefits of them are as mentioned below:
Rich in Vitamin C
Radishes comprise of a large quantity of vitamin C, approximately 25%. This much amount of vitamin C serves quite well in rebuilding the tissues and the blood vessels in the body. Also, this is considered good in keeping the bones and the teeth strong enough. This is possible because of electrolytes and the natural oxidant action on the vitamin. Lastly, it is helpful in increasing the immunity of the body.
Presence of Nutrients
Radish is quite rich in nutrients. It comprises of many nutrients like folate, fiber, riboflavin, potassium, copper, vitamin B6, magnesium, manganese and much more such nutrients.
Radishes are quite rich in fiber, i.e. carbohydrates that are indigestible. They help to keep the body system functioning in a steady manner and also help in maintaining the proper weight.
Radishes are considered to be naturally heated veggies as they put an end type any burning sensation that is experienced during urination. This is because radishes are naturally diuretic, which helps in purification of human kidney and relieving the inflammation caused.
Removal of Bilirubin
Radishes are quite helpful in the removal of bilirubin, a condition, which is evidenced by a yellow tinge in the human skin, mucous membranes, and eyes or more often in newborns.
They comprise of photo chemicals like indoles, which work as detoxifying agents as well as zeaxanthin, lutein, and beta-carotene, which are considered as flavored antioxidants. So the total antioxidant strength, when measured regarding oxygen radical absorbance, sums up to 1736 micromol.
Radishes are considered to be quite rich regarding “isothiocyanate antioxidant compound,” named sulforaphane. It is suggested by the scientists that sulforaphane plays a major role in prostate, breast, colon and ovarian cancers with the help of its cancer cell growth inhibition and the cytotoxic effects on the cancer cells.
Perfect for Weight Loss
Radishes are tummy filling veggies, which indicate that they can easily satisfy the needs of the tummy without increasing the calorie count of the body. Also, they are very low in carbohydrates that are digestible. They comprise of plenty amount of water and are high in roughage. All these qualities make them a very good dietary option for the ones who want to lose weight in less amount of time.
Also, they are rich in fiber and very low on glycemic index that means that they can increase the bowel movements that help in reduction of weight and increment of metabolism rate for all the body processes.
As mentioned earlier, radishes are rich in fiber that means that they add a good amount of bowel movements that promote the regular excretory patterns and also provide relieve from the various symptoms of constipation. They also aid in losing the bowel movements so that it is easy to get rid of loose stool or diarrhea. They are highly known for promotion of production of bile. Bile is amongst the major parts of good digestion, and it also helps in protecting the liver as well as the gallbladder.
Selection and Storage of Radishes
Normally, radishes are those veggies that are available all round the year having its peak season during winter and spring. The Daikon form is most juicy and favorable during the winter season.
While selecting radishes, one should always look at the roots, which are fresh, stout and firm in nature. The top greens of the vegetable should be fresh and should also feature crispy green without the presence of yellow and shriveled leaves. One should not choose the roots, which have cracks and cuts on the surface. The yellowish nature of radishes indicates that they are old. If the root of the veggie is too soft, then it is assumed that the interior would be likely pithy instead of being crispy.
Once they are bought, one should firstly remove all the top greens of the root veggie as they rob the nutrients off the roots if they are not removed on time. Once done with the removal of top greens, they should be washed thoroughly with clean water to get rid of the dust and the soil. One can store them either in a plastic bag or a zip pouch in the refrigerator. They remain fresh in such conditions for almost one and a half week.
Nutritional Value of Radishes
Radishes are very well rich in all kind of nutrients. The nutritional values of them per 100 gram are as follows:
|Principle||Nutritional Value||Percentage of RDA|
|Total fat||0.10 g||<1%|
|Dietary fat||1.6 g||4%|
Nutrient Value of Vitamins
|Folates||25 micro g||6%|
|Vitamin A||7 IU||<1%|
|Vitamin C||14.8 mg||25%|
|Vitamin E||0 mg||9%|
|Vitamin K||1.3 micro g||1%|
Nutrient Value of Electrolytes
Nutrient Value of Minerals
Radishes, a root crop, are mainly the most favorite part of the raw salad of almost everyone. Apart from the above-mentioned nutrient values and health benefits of it, there are many other benefits like they work well as an appetizer, mouth freshener, breath freshener, metabolism regulator and much more. They have become an inseparable part of the kitchen ingredients.
We have listed all the major nutrient values and the most important health benefits of radishes in the above blog post. We hope that the information provided above proves beneficial to you. Know more about vegetables and fruits and their health values by subscribing to our blog. Our comment section is always available for your suggestions and reviews.