Haven’t you wanted your garden to look like waves and waves of gold? The flowers that do that best are the ravishing Marigolds that are drops of gold from the heavens. By the way, the Portuguese were the first to set their eyes upon them in Central America in the 16th century.
Your garden will turn into a riot of bright colors with these resilient, annual plants. Well, the types of Marigolds flowers have two geniuses, which refer to their common name, Marigolds viz. Calendula and Tagetes. African Marigolds and French Marigolds come under Tagetes. Pot Marigolds are among Calendulas.
- Kingdom: Plantae
- Family: Asteraceae
- Class: Magnoliopsida
- Genus: Tagetes, Calendula
- Division: Magnoliophyta
- Order: Asterales
You might know that there are two standard colors orange and yellow among the various types of Marigold flowers. Their scents are strong and pungent; they are widely used for cosmetic treatments. Today you can choose from the many types of Marigold flowers. Check this list below for transforming your garden into fields of gold.
American or African Marigolds (Tagetes eErecta)
These beauties are erect-growing, tall plants that grow as long as three feet. They are enormous and globe-shaped and might reach a diameter of 5 inches. African Marigolds look magnificent on flower beds. They have brilliant orange to yellow shades and have a longer growth period to flower than the French type. Here are the excellent groups that grow well in South Carolina:
- Antigua group of marigolds reach the height of 12 to 16 inches. Their blooms cover the whole plant and are compact. The fully double, 3-inch flower heads bloom above the foliage. These range from shades of dark orange, gold, soft pastel yellow to a brightly visible yellow.
- Crush groups reach a height of 10 to 12 inches tall. They have four-inch flowers and are another Tones range from bright yellow, bright gold, Pineapple orange and brilliant yellow with a red base, Pumpkin, and Papaya.
- Aurora groups grow well in warm, humid weather and are primitive bushy types. Shades range from red, bright yellow, brilliant yellow with the light base, orange gold, light yellow and orange.
French Marigolds (Tagetes patula)
These Marigold group types reach a height between 5 and 18 inches. Blooms range from yellow, orange and red shades. You will also find orange and red bi-color patterns. Flowers of this group are smaller in size (about 2 inches across). Grow them in your containers, edging flower beds, window boxes, and mass plant.
- ‘Bonanza‘ groups grow about 8 to 10 inches only. The flowers have a piercing crested eye. Tones range from a lush golden yellow, bright golden orange, mahogany red with an orange middle and yellow flecked with red.
- ‘Bounty‘ groups reach 10 to 12 inches in height and have 2-inch flowers. It is a compact, dwarf, and suits hot, humid summer climates. You can see the flaming, golden or orange flowers on top of the plants, over the foliage
- ‘Little Hero’ groups marigolds reach 8 inches height with 2-inch double flowers. They remain compact through the summer as they are heat-tolerant plants. Tones include yellow, orange, gold, flame and red.
- ‘Safari‘ groups are small plants with 3-inched anemone-type blooms. They reach a height of 14 inches with scarlet, orange, mahogany, mixed gold, yellow and tangerine flowers.
Pot Marigold (Calendula Officinalis)
Though, not a true marigold these are excellent as herbs. The cool-season annual are bright yellow and orange flowers. Plant them as early spring blooms near the coast or in spring or fall flowers in the rest of South Carolina.
Signet Marigolds (T. signata ‘pumila’)
These cultivars have neatly divided lace-like leaves and are compact plants that possess clusters of single and small flowers. They are edible, and tones range from orange to yellow. The blooms have that spicy tarragon effect. The undergrowth has pleasing, lemon cologne. Signets are perfect for window boxes and edging beds.
- ‘Gem’ series ‘Lemon Gem’ and ‘Golden Gem’ are well-known as traditional signet marigolds. They reach 8 inches in height and are dense with thin leaves.
These are the sterile hybrids from the dwarf French and tall African marigolds, which gives them the name mule Marigolds. Almost all triploid cultivars reach a height between 12 and 18 inches. You will be happy to find that they possess qualities that have a parental combination. If you want more, don’t worry there are lots of less-known marigolds that are foliage or herbs.
Tangerine Scented Marigold (Tagetes lemonii)
If you love them strong minty and lemony, aromas, then this southwest native is your best bet, and it reaches the height of 3 feet.
Spanish Tarragon (Tagetes Lucida)
These Marigold blooms as many small, simple flowers in the fall and have the flavor of anise. The beautiful flower is a great alternate to tarragon where the climate is too humid and hot and humid for real tarragon to survive. They reach a height of 3 feet.
Irish Lace Marigold (Tagetes Filifolia)
This short, graceful plant has small white florets and lace like leaves. These are known for their beauty, and the deep green leaves have a great fragrance.
- Plant them as seeds, and after germinating, you must wait for 45 days to become a flower. The seeds have to be sown at least 2 centimeters apart and cover them with one-fourth inches of potting soil.
- Don’t forget to water thoroughly. The seedlings come out in a few days.
- Now, while the real leaves forms, transplant them immediately to outdoor beds or individual containers.
You shall be delighted to know that they are easy to manage as they are strong, non-fussy plants that shine like the sun in your garden. Check these steps first!
- Plant them in sunny or half-sunny.
- Soil should be moist, fertile and well-drained.
- Place potash fertilizers to extend blooming period.
- Cut away the early flowers before they open as that will produce a lot of flowers. Isn’t that a top kept secret?
- They have a strong acidic odor that keeps insects away.
- Provide ample stalking to help the taller Triploid Marigold and American varieties against rains and winds.
Fun Facts about Marigolds
Throughout the Unites States, farmers love Marigolds as companions to their vegetables. Your spring garden would dazzle with their bright red, yellow and orange.
By the way all Marigolds are native to subtropical America; including the ‘African marigold!
Significant Facts about Marigolds
Do know that Marigold (Calendula) is useful in the treatment of skin problems and inflammation of the skin, both to infection or physical damage? They also cure varicose veins, anal fissures, hemorrhoids, mastitis, crural ulceration, varicose veins, mastitis, impetigo astor, sebaceous cysts, and various inflamed cutaneous lesions.
Macer in the 12th century wrote that just by viewing the Marigold plant one could lighten their moods and improve the eyesight.
In South Asia, people use the bright yellow and orange Marigold extensively as garlands and to decorate religious statues and buildings. Their applications range from decoration at weddings, birthdays, funerals, weddings and other ceremonies.
For coloring food for humans and animals pigments from Marigolds are extracted.
Pick the Best
You might get confused concentrating on the shelves at the local nursery or glancing through a seed catalog. The sheer variety of Marigolds available can dumbstruck you!
Are there any strange secrets behind choosing the right Marigolds? Well, the answer to that is – never, it is damn easy!
Pick flowers according to your needs; if you want the bees, go for any bright-toned-sweet-scented ones. Moreover, if you want to fight root knot nematodes, the French marigolds are your best bet.
Check for the degree of its hybridization. Many experts believe that hybridization results in unwanted results liked lower pollen production and scents, thus never attracting pollinators.
All you got to try is, watch where the bees like it best to sit, and those are the best varieties. See how bees can help us even in flower selection!
How did you find this article about the various types of Marigold flowers? Do give your valuable opinions and suggestions in the comment section below. We love to learn from you and answer your queries. Keep growing Marigolds until then!