Have you heard that LED lamps are optimum solutions for meeting the lighting needs of your indoor herbal plants? There is also a lot of information available on how to grow indoor plants using LED grow lights. If you are wondering about the manner of employing these lights for the growth of your plants, then you should refer to the following details for increasing your knowledge on this subject.
It may interest you to know that a variety of herbs can be grown at home; they serve medicinal and culinary purposes. In the past, the pots were placed on windowsills so they could receive sunlight; but herbs require exposure to intense light for long duration. The grow lights pose as the best solutions for increasing the yield and quality of these plantations.
- Herbs Planted in Pots
- LED lights
- Electricity plug-ins
- Water sources
Step-By-Step Instructions on Growing Indoor Plants Using LED Lights
You may consider the following tips on growing herbs in the house when exposing them to light treatment.
Assessing the Herbs to Grow Indoors
As a first step towards planting, you must choose the herbs that you wish to grow. Keep in mind that herbs such as garden cress, dill, and coriander are not suited to grow indoors. You have a choice between herbs such as basil, oregano, mint, dwarf dill, sage, and rosemary.
Evaluating the Required Quantity
As a response to the query on how to grow indoor plants using LED grow lights, there is also need to evaluate the required quantities. It is advisable to take into consideration your household needs when deciding on the quantity of herbs that you are planning to grow. If the rosemary herb is needed for dishes on a regular basis, then you may need more quantities of these herbs. However, for the herbs that are not required regularly, you can grow only one plant of those varieties.
Shifting the Potted-Herbs inside the House
During wintertime, you may consider bringing potted varieties of summer perennial herbs such as tarragon, sage, and rosemary inside the house; by doing so, they can be harvested throughout the year as the conditions will be suitable for their nourishment.
You must not transplant the herbal plants as they could die because of the shock. Only opt for perennial herbs that are planted in pots, for growing indoors, during the winter session.
Determining the Lighting Needs
The lighting needs must also be pondered upon. Plants require an abundance of light for their survival; the type of lighting solutions that you select will have a bearing on the health of your plantations.
- There is a range of lighting options that are available for indoor plants. The choice lies between High-Intensity Discharge (HID) lights and LED ones.
- The primary difference between the HID and LED solutions is their efficiency in converting energy to light.
- The HID versions produce a lot of heat during the conversion process.
- This is a matter of concern because extreme warmth can result in the drying of the plants and evaporation of the water.
- It could also lead to crop damage because the plants come under stress.
- For this reason, it becomes important to install venting facilities for removal of some percent of the heat.
- Growers have to consider mounting circulation, ventilation, and air-conditioning systems for creating an atmosphere that is conducive to growing the plants with HID lamps.
- With LEDs, there is no need to worry about these facilities because they rate high in efficiency when converting light into energy.
Therefore, we can see that LED wins over the HID solutions. This is because LED technologies reflect little heat, require a lesser amount of electricity, and are longer-lasting (LED lamps to last up to 5-6 times more than their HID counterparts). Moreover, these lighting solutions do not require ballast; also, they are known to produce additional blue spectrum light as compared to its competitors.
You must also understand that varied herbs have different lighting and spectrum needs. Hence, there is need to evaluate the various options and make the selection based on the conditions that are suitable for the chosen herbs. It may be noted that blue spectrum is apt for foliage: red light should be considered for flowers and fruits.
You must also ensure that the electrical components such as ballasts, wires, plug-ins, and lights do not reach the ground. Also, they must be kept away from wet areas.
The placement of the reflectors is another crucial aspect to consider. It must be possible to shift the lamps; also, you must be able to raise the lights when the plants become taller. The lights can be hung from chains or pulleys to move them upwards and downwards.
Choosing a Location
Herbs can be grown in any space of the home. They require temperatures under 70 degrees Fahrenheit or 21.1 degrees Celsius. However, keep them away from radiators or heat sources. The plants can also be enclosed in a closet or grow tent to make it easier for managing humidity, temperature, light, and circulation. The reflective tents can be procured, or they can be constructed with furniture or cabinets.
It is also vital that you select a space that is easily accessible. They need to be watered regularly so choose a place after considering this aspect. You must also be able to reach and lift the plants for their removal. A water source and electricity plug must also be in close range. Having a drain nearby would also be useful.
The humidity in the room is another important point to mull over. Ample humidity is required for the herbs to thrive. If the air is dry, the pots should be placed in a tray packed with small-sized stones. The tray should be filled with enough water, so it touches the bed of the container. Water provides a humid atmosphere for the plants.
You need to make provisions for supplying the herbs with around 10-15 hours of light. Also, take care to maintain enough distance between the container and the lamps. The light should not be too close to the containers.
Planting Herbs in Rich Soils
The herbs must be grown in fertile soils having a PH level between 6 and 7. Adding nitrogen to the soil in an organic manner is also a good idea. They can also be planted in a mixture of compost soil with perlite, sand, or peat moss.
Keep the Plants Hydrated
Watering the plants regularly is a must. Continue watering until the water oozes from the base. Avoid over-watering the plants; otherwise, they turn yellow, become affected by mildew, or water-logging takes place.
Consider the Use of Fertilizers
Using a water-soluble fertilizer is beneficial for the plants. After every two weeks, you may fertilize them. It is also vital to adhere to the instructions, depending on the type of fertilizer that is being sprayed. Take care that you do not over-fertilize the plants.
Harvesting the Herbs
It is also necessary to harvest the herbs on a regular basis. Trim them at regular intervals, so they do not produce flowers. If they start flowering, then their energies are directed towards producing flowers; here, the growth of the plants becomes stunted, and they perish soon after.
We hope that you will find the above-listed tips useful for your indoor-based herb-growing expeditions. You must carefully consider the aspects related to growing herbs within an enclosed space for a healthy output. Through winter, the herbs may not be able to withstand the cold weather and are known to perish. Therefore, you should bring them inside the house and provide those conditions that will help them flourish; as a result, their flavors can be enjoyed all through the year.
It must also be borne in mind that the bulbs must be cleaned once in a month. This is important because dust and dirt particles can reduce the light reflected by the lamps, as a result of which the plantations are affected.