Shallots must be harvested at the opportune time, to get the maximum yield from the crop. If you wish to know what is the best time to harvest shallots, and then refer to the following details. Herein, we can learn about shallots; their plantation methods; when they should be harvested, and the methods of harvest action.
Shallots are perceived to be part of the Onion family, but they are a different species. Shallots are members of the Alliaceae family, of the Allium genus, and are categorized under Tunicate bulb vegetables. They are fleshy stems that are long and slender in nature and grow underneath the ground.
The origins of the shallot plantations are rooted in Central Asia. Presently, they are grown in continents around the world. They are grouped under major commercial crops.
Shallot bulbs are copper-colored and found in bunches. Also, they are smaller in size, as compared to onions. The taste of shallots can be described as less pungent than onions and garlic. For this reason, they are preferred in a wide range of cuisines.
Scroll down to gather additional information about planting shallots.
Soils that are well-draining and composed of a high percent of organic matter are ideal for the shallot growth. The soil can be within the PH value range of 6.3 to 6.8. It is also advised to maintain the shallot beds weed-free, as its aids their development and facilitates their harvesting.
Shallot sets can be purchased from nurseries, and it is recommended that they are grown in rows. Place the shallot cloves in the soil, such that only their tops are protruding on the surface. The broad base of the cloves should be pointing downwards, during their plantation. Keep 6 inches of space in-between the cloves and around 1 foot among the rows.
It is also important that the shallot plants are nurtured with the organic varieties of fertilizers. Also, they need a regular supply of water, to avoid their dehydration.
An important factor to consider, when planting the shallot sets, is that they must be positioned in such a manner that they are given adequate space for their growth. They multiply at a speedy rate, and if they are planted closely, the harvest crops will be bunched closely, and their growth will be stunted.
Regions experiencing mild winters can plant the shallots during the autumn season, and they would be ready for harvesting in early summer. Where cold climate areas are concerned, it is advisable to plant the shallots during springtime. Shallots can be stored for long duration if they are processed suitably, after their harvesting.
Ideal Time for Harvest Shallots
If you are wondering, what is the best time to harvest shallots, and then may we suggest, you keep reading further.
It should be noted that the bulbs and plant tops of shallot plants can be consumed, so depending upon the part required, they can be harvested.
The tops can be added to soups, stews, and salads. They are ready to be harvested, after 30 days from their planting.
The bulbs mature within a period of 90 days and can then be harvested. When the shallot tops become dry, and the stems have yellowed & started falling, the time can be considered ripe, for removal of the matured bulbs from the ground. Normally, when the plant greens start withering or becoming brown, the bulbs will emerge from the soil, and their exterior skin will become papery in texture.
Usually, in mid-or-late summer, this phenomenon is witnessed. The method of harvesting the shallots has been discussed in the following details.
Method of Harvesting
During shallot harvesting, it is suggested digging the bulbs, remove the dirt and tie the tops, after which they can be left to dry.
A shovel is handy when digging the shallots. The blade should be inserted in the ground, about 3-4 inches apart from the visible stems. The dirt must be lifted with the shovel handle, as a result of which the shallot bulbs start loosening.
Remove the soil debris from the individual shallots, as you commence picking the shallots from the ground. They must also be cleared of dirt clumps, so as preventing any damage to their skin.
The harvested shallots can be placed on a flat surface, within the confines of a warm place, such as a garage shed or patio area. Do not trim the stems. Leave them to dry for four weeks, following which the skin becomes dry and starts cracking.
After that, the dry stems can be chopped with the help of a pair of scissors, for minimizing the risk of tearing of the thin outer layer. Use a paper bag or keep loosely covered in a container, at a cool and dry corner, when storing the shallots.
Some people also recommend using a digging fork for lifting the clumps from the ground, following which the dirt must be shirked from the shallots’ skin. If weather permits, they can also be left to dry in the sun, for about a week or so, out in the garden. Storing the harvested crops in mesh bags may also be recommended.
- During the growing season, the erect green-colored stems from the clumps can be clipped, for adding to dishes for their seasoning or garnishing.
- To respond to the query, what is the best time to harvest shallots; it may also be advised that you refrain from picking the bulbs when the ground is damp. This is because clumps of dirt can cling to the shallots’ slender skin if the soil is wet. The drying process may be delayed, as a consequence.
Go through other information on our website regarding other vegetables and herbs such as horseradish.