Before planting vegetables or fruits, it is important to gather information about the process. For those looking to grow carrots, their botanical reference being Daucus Carota, it may interest you to know these vegetables are grown in flower beds, small-sized gardens or lightly-shaded areas. After being updated on where to plant carrots, it may be helpful to know that seasons such as spring and late fall are suited for the growth of these vegetables due to cooler climates.
The day and night temperatures should be touching 75 degrees Fahrenheit or 24 degrees Celsius and 55 degrees Fahrenheit or 13 degrees Celsius respectively, for sowing carrot seeds.
Carrots grow well in deep and fertile soils. It is essential to clear the earth of rocks, boulders, and large stones before the seeds are sown. Choose the light, sandy and well-draining soil-bed varieties, while ensuring they are not freshly manure. Heavy soils are not preferred as it results in maturity at a slow pace and rough-textured roots. Also, rocky loams should not be favored as it can lead to poorer quality roots.
Soils having a pH value within the range of 6-6.5 are ideal for carrot-growing. Moistened surfaces help in developing healthy roots. It is advisable to loosen the beds with a tiller or hoe to a depth of 8 to 9 inches for progression of the roots. The breaking down of hard soil clumps and removal of rocks are additional tasks to be completed.
Keeping the seedbeds free of weeds must also be followed. During this quest, you are required to rake-out the young seedlings before planting the seeds.
You can mix the carrot seed with sand in the ratio 100:1 respectively. This amounts to 1 quarter teaspoon of carrot seeds for one-quarter cup of sand. Implantation is eased by doing so because carrot seeds are minute-sized and it is tedious to sow them thinly.
Commence the sowing of seeds 2 inches deep, and 2-3 cm apart. Ensure the rows are spaced 20-25 cum away from each other. The plants will start appearing in a matter of few weeks. Allow them to grow 4 inches high, and then thin the plants keeping them away by 2 inches. You may perceive that some carrots are fat enough to eat. Continue thinning the carrots, and keep the plants 4 cm distant.
The crops must be protected from the root fly, which gets attracted to the foliage smell. Therefore, it is vital to maintaining the accurate distances during the seed-sowing course.
There are various measures that are adopted to keep the crops cleared of the root fly. The first generation of the pests is avoided when the sowing is delayed until the end of May. Also, the seeds must be sown as close to the proper spacing, so over-thinning is not needed. Crop covers such as an environment cover or supported bio net may also be used for protecting the plants. Retaining the thinning procedures to the minimum extent possible is an extra step that can be taken. Harvesting the crops at one time may also be pursued to keep the flies at bay, as the whiff can attract the pests in large numbers.
The thinning exercise should be performed in the evening. Also, this process must be completed speedily and efficiently for warding off the pests, which have a tendency of getting attracted to the scent of the freshly-plucked baby carrots. Harvest the carrots in one go, and take care to burn or bury the foliage remainder. Never keep them lying around.
The seedlings must be pulled in such as manner that a space of 3-4 cm is left between the plants. The removal of weeds is also vital or else there is a possibility of the crops being adversely affected if they are no extracted from the bed.
Watering the carrot-based plants during dry weather conditions is also suggested. If they have not been watered for over one week, they tend to become dry, and it is likely that they may split when water is splashed on the plants. Therefore, pour water in small quantities at regular intervals.
The carrot-beds must be kept free of weeds. The weeding must be done by hand between the rows. Using a hoe is not recommended because it may result in crop damage as well as fly-infestation. When the plants are covered, weeding may not be required as the crops are not exposed to the surrounding weed-seeds.
During dehydrated conditions, the plants must be watered. Otherwise, the onset of the rainy season causes the plants to split. The crops could burst abruptly when the climate turns moist after a dry period.
If you are harvesting the crops early, then use a cover for restricting the invasion of the crops by the bugs. The cover may be removed during the harvesting interval, and replaced after plucking the vegetables. Also, carrot foliage must not be kept around. Storing early carrots is not advised, and it may also be noted that they taste the best when they are newly-harvested.
The main crop carrot varieties are store-able, and harvesting the entire crop may be followed. The vegetables thrive in loose soil, and they are easy-to-harvest. Hold the carrot-tops and haul in a gentle manner for picking the vegetables. The soil is loosened with the help of a trowel or garden fork.
Store the carrots in a box filled with moist sand or peat and place in frost-free corners. In such conditions, they remain fresh for few months. Damaged roots must be removed from the healthy lot to restrict them from rotting the rest of the crop. Snip the leaves and leave half-an-inch above the root, which must be followed by resting them in boxes packed with wet sand in dry sheds. Until May, they may be stored.
There are various aspects to be considered when planting vegetables. If the requisite steps are not taken, the crops are prone to spoilage. When planting carrots, the details mentioned above may prove to be handy. We hope that the crops grow healthily, and your endeavor of growing carrots is successful.